Adam and Eve
Were Adam and Eve created in the image of God?
Joseph Smith taught humans are uncreated, co-eternal spirit
intelligences with God, but he does not indicate which God.
Only the bodies of Adam and Eve were created in the image of God because it is believed they always existed as eternal intelligences. "Man was also in the beginning with God. Intelligence, or the light of truth, was not created or made, neither indeed can be. For man is spirit. The elements are eternal, and spirit and element, inseparably connected, receive a fulness of joy" (Doctrine and Covenants 93:29,33).
Spirits always existed - God never had the power to create them at all (Teachings of
Presidents of the Church - Joseph Smith, chapter 17, page 210, online,
"Howbeit that he made the greater star; as, also, if there be two spirits, and one shall be more intelligent than the other, yet these two spirits, notwithstanding one is more intelligent than the other, have no beginning; they existed before, they shall have no end, they shall exist after, for they are gnolaum, or eternal" (Abraham 3:18).
Did Adam and Eve have spiritual bodies or physical bodies before the
Fall? This is a little bit confusing so I'll have to draw some
teachings from several sources.
Gospel Principles says, "When Adam and Eve were placed in the Garden
of Eden, they were not yet mortal. In this state, they would have had no
children (2 Nephi 2:23). There was no death. They had physical life because their spirits were housed in physical bodies
made from the dust of the earth (see Moses 6:59; Abraham 5:7). They had spiritual life because they were in the presence of God.
They had not yet made a choice between good and evil" (,
chapter 6, p. 28)
But page 29 says, "Because of the Fall, we are blessed with physical
bodies, the right to choose between good and evil, and the opportunity
to gain eternal life. None of these privileges would have been ours had Adam and Eve remained in the
Since there was no death, how did they already have physical bodies (page 28) when the Fall is said to have brought death and the blessing
of a physical body (page 29)?
And several references in Religion 430-431 - Doctrines of the Gospel
Student Manual say that they (with the plants and animals) did not have physical bodies before the Fall.
Chapter 8, page 19 says, "Before the Fall the earth and all things
upon it existed in a spiritual state (see 2 Nephi 2:22; Moses
3:5–7)." Point A1.
"When Adam was in the Garden of Eden, he was not subject to death.
There was no blood in his body and he could have remained there forever. This is true of all the other creations” (Joseph Fielding
Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, 1:76–77)." (chapter 8, pages 19-20)
Which part of Gospel Principles is correct in light of the other manual's teachings?
This also seems to teach that Adam and Eve's disobedience brought mortality and physical bodies to all other creations too. Is that
Page 24 (in both the 1997 and 2008 versions of Gospel Principles) indicates the animals already had reproductive powers before Adam
and Eve were created.
"Then He created the animals—fish, cattle, insects, and birds of
all kinds. These animals had the ability to reproduce their own kind."
But how could the animals in a spiritual state (without physical bodies) have the ability to procreate?
Now let's turn to something in a canonized
scripture. According to the Pearl of Great Price, Adam and Eve did not have a body of flesh and bones originally when they were created in the Garden of Eden. “And man became a living soul, the first flesh upon the earth, the first man also” (Moses 3:7). It
would appear from this that the animals did not have physical bodies
before the fall of Adam and Eve?
How was Eve formed?
Several places in the Book of Mormon and the Bible indicate that Eve was formed from the literal rib
of Adam. But
chapter 7 (page 18) of the Religion 430-431 - Doctrines of the Gospel Student Manual
says of the creation of Eve, "the story of the rib, of course, is figurative"
(exhibit f). This is also
in another church manual. "Former President Kimball taught that Eve was not literally created from
Adam's rib. He said, "the story of the rib, of course, is figurative" ("The Blessings and the Responsibilities
of Womanhood", Ensign, March 1976, p. 71) (Religion 327 - The
Pearl of Great Price Student Manual, p.11)
I wonder if he believed Adam being formed from the dust of the ground was also figurative.
This teaching should be cleared up otherwise confusion will persist.
In Mormon theology, Adam and Eve could not have children before the Fall
2 Nephi (2:25) - "Adam fell that men might be; and men are, that they might have joy".
Moses (5:11) - "And Eve, his wife, heard all these things and was glad, saying: Were it not for our transgression we never should have had seed, and never should have known good and evil, and the joy of our redemption, and the eternal life which God giveth unto all the obedient".
"When Adam and Eve were placed in the Garden of Eden, they were not yet mortal. They were not able to have children" (Gospel Principles, page
32, exhibit g).
"Because Adam and Eve had eaten the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil ... they were able to have children" (Gospel Principles, page
33, exhibit h).
"The lives of Adam and Eve changed after they ate the fruit our Father in Heaven had told them not to eat ... Their bodies changed. Now they could have children" (Gospel Fundamentals, page 23).
In Mormon theology, Adam and Eve were created without blood in their veins
This is from http://scriptures.lds.org/bdf/fllfdm :
“The process by which mankind became mortal on this earth. The event is recorded in Gen. 2, 3, 4; and Moses 3, 4. The fall of Adam is one of the most important occurrences in the history of man. Before the fall, Adam and Eve had physical bodies but no blood. There was no sin, no death, and no children among any of the earthly creations. With the eating of the “forbidden fruit,” Adam and Eve became mortal, sin entered, blood formed in their bodies, and death became a part of life”.
This church web page contradicts an earlier teaching in Gospel
Principles - that teaches Adam and Eve did not have a physical body
before the Fall. A physical body was a blessing for their
Let's look at other teachings on this
Gospel Principles Chapter 5 page 28 states, "Our spirits would be given bodies of flesh and blood so they could live on earth".
But weren't Adam and Eve living in the Garden of Eden when the Mormons
believe they had no blood in their veins?
Moses (6:59) - Adam and Eve were "born into the world by water, and blood, and the spirit, which I have made, and so of dust a living soul".
Mosiah (7:26-27) - "And a prophet of the Lord have they slain ... prophesied of many things ... And because he said unto them that Christ was the God, the Father of all things, and said that he should take upon him the image of a man, and it should be the image after which man was created in the beginning; or in other words, he said that man was created after the image of God, and that God should come down among the children of men, and take upon him flesh and blood, and go forth upon the face of the earth".
The passage states that Jesus took upon him the image of a man and that he also took upon him flesh and blood. This is the same image after which man was created in the beginning, according to the Book of Mormon prophet
Did Adam and Eve come from another planet?
second prophet of the Mormon Church also taught that Adam and Eve (one
of his polygamous wives) came from another planet. See this article.